The Web Step-By-Step

Step-by-step instructions for accessing the World Wide Web, using Netscape (hard-wired computer) and Lynx (by modem) at the University of Hartford. (The verb "enter" means, type something and then press the "Enter" [or "Return"] key.)

People connecting to UHAVAX by modem generally use Lynx: Netscape is not conveniently available to most users. (A graphical front-end to Lynx, I-comm, is available, free, for Windows PCs.) People using a University-owned *terminal* connected to UHAVAX must use Lynx. People using a University-owned Mac or IBM-compatible PC in a computer lab would normally use Netscape. (Some lab computers offer Microsoft Internet Explorer as well.) Not all lab PCs have a Netscape connection: ask the lab assistant which ones do.

By Kenneth Dowst. Last significant update: 25 Jan 97


Setup:
Lynx: Set your communications software's "terminal type" or "terminal emulation" to "VT100" (very important). If your phone service has the "call waiting" feature, temporarily turn it off. (An incoming call will ruin your Internet connection.)

Start the browser:
Lynx: Log in to your VAX account. Enter the word LYNX at the prompt.
Netscape: From Windows/Mac "desktop" screen, click "Netscape" icon.

Enter an address (URL):
Lynx: Press "g" then enter URL
Netscape: Put cursor in the URL box in the top half of your screen. Delete all or part of the listed URL. Enter the URL you want. Alternatively, click on the "Open" button and then enter the URL in the dialogue box that appears.

Scroll up & down the page:
Lynx: {space} or "+" for down; "b" ("Back up") or "-" for up. Ctrl-A: jump to top of page. Ctrl-E: jump to bottom.
Netscape: Vertical scroll bar on right of screen. Or use cursor-control keys on the keyboard: up-arrow, down-arrow, PgUp, PgDn. Ctrl-Home: jump to top of page. Ctrl-End: jump to bottom.

Follow a link:
Lynx: {down arrow} or {up arrow} to move cursor to the link, then {Enter} or {right arrow} to select it & go.
Netscape: With mouse, move cursor to the link (usually blue & underlined on the page), then click mouse to go.

See where you are:
Lynx: Press "=" to see URLs of the page on your screen and the link at your cursor. Press {left arrow} to return.
Netscape: Upper box on screen shows URL of displayed page; lower box shows URL of link at cursor (if your cursor is on a link).

Go back:
Lynx: press {left arrow}.
Netscape: Click on "Back" button, or else click on "Go" (top of screen), then "Back" (from pull-down menu). Or else press Alt-{left arrow}.

Save an address (URL) to your bookmark file:
Lynx: Move cursor to a link to the adress you want to save. Press "a" then "l". (To add our Home Page to your bookmark file, move the cursor to one of the links that say "Back to home page." Lynx adds the address the cursor's pointing to, not the address of the page on your screen.)
Netscape: Click on "Bookmark" then "Add". Netscape adds the address of the page displayed on your screen.

Go to an address in your bookmark file:
Lynx: Press "v"; move cursor with arrow keys to link, then press {Enter}.
Netscape: Click on "Bookmark" then on the link you want.

Return to any page you've been to since starting:
Lynx: Press "{Del}" for list; move cursor, then {Enter}.
Netscape: Click on "Go" then choose a linkname from the drop-down menu

See the hidden "HTML formatting code" in a document:
Lynx: Press "\". (Press "\" again to return to normal view.)
Netscape: Click on "View" then "Source."

Interrupt a stalled or taking-too-long procedure:
Lynx: Press "z". If that doesn't work, Ctrl-C. If that doesn't work, Ctrl-Z.
Netscape: Click on "Stop" button. If that doesn't work, try Ctrl- C and Ctrl-Z.

Capture a document (text file) to disk:

Lynx (Method 1): Display any page of the document on your screen. Press "p" then select "print to disk." Change the default filename if you like. {Enter}. The file is now in your personal area of UHAVAX. To transfer it to your PC, "download" it with an error-correcting protocol such as Zmodem. If you've never done this before, ask the Computer Support Center (CC 115) for help.

Lynx (Method 2): Display any page of the document on your screen. Press "p" and then select "print to screen." A prompt will say. "Press RETURN to begin" (but don't do so yet). Start your communications software's "capture to disk" function. (Your software may call this by a different name: Procomm calls it "log" [Alt-F1]. Your software will prompt you to choose a filename.) Now press {Enter} ("RETURN"), and the text will flow both onto your screen and into your disk file. Stop your software's "capture to disk" function. This method is easier than (1) but more likely to introduce errors into the text.

Netscape: Display the document on your screen. Put a floppy disk in the floppy drive. Click on "File" and "Save as...". A "dialogue box" will appear on your screen. In the small "filename" box (upper left), add "A:" [no space] to the beginning of the default filename ... or else type in a new filename also beginning with "A:" [no space]. (This filename will be the one that appears on your floppy. The name can be anything you like.) In the lower left is a box labelled, "Save file as Type." It will probably be set to type "Source (*.htm)." Change this to type "Plain text (*.txt)." Now click on "Save" to save.

Print a document (text file) on paper:

Lynx (Method 1): Get the file onto a disk in your own PC (see "Capture a document ... to disk," above). End your session on UHAVAX. Import the file into your word processor (the file is in "ASCII format," if your word processor needs to be told). Fiddle with type size and margin settings until the document looks pretty. Then print it on your own printer.

Lynx (Method 2): If you've saved the document to your area on UHAVAX (see above), go to a computer lab and ask the lab assistant how to print that file on one of the printers in the lab.

Lynx (Method 3): If you're running Lynx from a lab, using a terminal to the VAX, you may be able to print the document on the spot, using a lab printer, just by pressing "p" in Lynx. Ask a lab assistant.

Netscape: Just click on the "Print" button. Be sure, though, that you're printing the document "as plain text" rather than "as source." In the latter case, you'll get all sorts of "HTML formatting code" cluttering up your paper copy. If there's a problem, ask a lab assistant for help.

Download a binary file (such as a game, picture, or program):
Lynx: place cursor on linkname, then press "d" (usually {Enter} works too). This downloads the file to your area on UHAVAX. After exiting Lynx, download the file from UHAVAX to your own PC, using an error-correcting transfer protocol such as Zmodem.
Netscape: Click on the link to the file. Select "Save to Disk" from the menu that appears. That will bring up the normal "Save" menu. As usual, add A: to the filename to designate your floppy disk in Drive A:. (If the file you want to download is a text file, clicking on the link will display the text on your screen. Capture it to disk in the usual way (see above).

End your session on the Web:
Lynx: press "q".
Netscape: Click on "File" then "Close". Or else key in Alt-F4.


Please correct any errors or omissions in a message to kdowst.

Note: If you are now using a PC in a UHa computer lab, do not attempt to send a message from this page. Use VAX Mail instead. If you're using a *terminal* in a lab and running Lynx, you--and anyone else *not* in a UHa computer lab--may send a message from this page.

Suggestion to UHa students: Save this step-by-step help document in your Bookmarks file: then you can call it up instantly, any time you're anywhere on the Web!

(Lynx users: get your cursor on the link here: Step-by-Step Guide, then press "a", then "l". Netscape users: just click on "Bookmarks," then on "Add.")


Copyright (C) Kenneth Dowst, 1996. Permission is granted to reproduce this document for any noncommercial purpose, provided that this copyright notice is retained.

People maintaining other Web pages at the University of Hartford are welcome to add a link to this document.

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