ARB 110

Study Sheet for Ancient Egyptian Art and Architecture


Dates to help you study

Pre-Dynastic: ca. 5450 BCE-3100 BCE

Old Kingdom: ca. 2649 BCE-2150 BCE

            Concurrent cultures: Sumerians, Akkadians

Middle Kingdom: ca. 1991 BCE-1700 BCE

            Concurrent culture: Old Babylonian

New Kingdom: ca. 1550 BCE-1070 BCE

            Concurrent cultures: Old Babylonian, Hittites, Assyrians

Amarna Period: ca. 1349 BCE-1336 BCE



Slides to know

Palette of Narmer, 3100 BCE, slate

Imhotep, Stepped pyramid and funerary complex of King Zoser, Saqqara, 2630 BCE-2611 BCE

Great pyramids, Giza, Khufu—2551 BCE-2528 BCE, Khafre—2520 BCE-2494 BCE, Menkaure—2490 BCE-2472 BCE

Great Sphinx, 2520 BCE-2494 BCE, sandstone

Khafre, 2520 BCE-2494 BCE, diorite

Menkaure and Khamerernebty, 2490 BCE-2472 BCE, slate

Seated scribe, 2551 BCE-2528 BCE, painted limestone

Temple of Amon-Mut-Khonsu, Luxor, begun ca. 1390 BCE

Hatshepsut, 1473 BCE-1458 BCE, granite

Senmut?, Funerary temple of Hatshepsut, Deir el-Bahri, ca. 1473 BCE-1458 BCE

Nebamun hunting birds, 1390 BCE-1352 BCE, fresco secco

Akhenaten, 1353 BCE-1350 BCE, sandstone

Akhenaten and Nefertiti and daughters, 1349 BCE-1336 BCE, limestone

Nefertiti, 1349 BCE-1336 BCE, painted limestone

Tutankhamon, ca. 1327 BCE, gold with inlays

Temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel, 1279 BCE-1213 BCE


Vocabulary to know



Ben-ben or pyramidion





Buon fresco (or true fresco), fresco secco (or dry fresco)

Hierarchy of scale