The GMAT (Graduate Management Test) is used by graduate schools as one assessment indicator of applicants for advance study in business and management. The GMAT is a computer-adaptive test (CAT) which means that your performance on previous questions determines the sequence of questions that appear next. Only one question at a time is presented and you must enter an answer and may not return to or change your answer to a previous question. The test is given at many local test sites and can be taken weekdays and Saturdays during the year. GMAT registration must be made by phone (1-800-717-GMAT) or e-mail (www.mba.com) and should be made at lease three months in advance of business school application deadlines. Planning is essential, since you can take the test once per calendar month (leave enough time for a retake if scores are low) and official scores may take up to 4 weeks to arrive at your selected schools.
The GMAT is approximately a 4 hour test and consists of 3 sections:
Section Questions Timing
Analysis of an Issue 1 30 min
Analysis of an Argument 1 30 min
Break 5 min
Problem Solving 75 min
Break 5 min
Verbal 41 75 min
Content details of each section along with sample questions can be viewed by clicking on the button on the top labeled Contents.
GMAT Preparation (Test-Taking Strategy)
When you register for the GMAT you will receive free test prep software. You should download the software and become familiar with the formats, materials, questions, and directions of each section. You should go through each tutorial (Quantitative/Verbal) and then take the GMAT practice test to gauge your performance on the real test and to identify your strengths and weaknesses. On all sections paced yourself to finish in the allotted time.
GMAT Preparation Options: (What we can do)
If you need or would like to increase your quantitative and/or verbal and writing scores we offer two options:
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Verbal/Writing Sections An intense flexible 10 hour tutoring program by a College
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Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and Sentence
Quantitative Sections Small classroom setting (Max 15 students) taught by a
College Mathematics Professor that meets for five
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Verbal/Writing Sections Small classroom setting (Max 15 students) taught by a
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The GMAT consists of three sections: Quantitative Analysis, Verbal Sections, and a Analytical Writing Section.
Quantitative Analysis Section:
The Quantitative Analysis Section has two types of multiple-choice questions(75 min):
As mentioned earlier there are 37 questions and they are designed to test basic mathematical skills and the ability to reason quantitatively.
Problem solving questions involve Algebraic manipulation, Systems of Linear Equations, Ratios, Percentages, Geometry, Averages, Distance Problems, Work Problems, Mixture Problems, Interest Problems, Probability, and Statistics.
Data Sufficiency questions consist of a question with some information and two statements (1) and (2) containing additional information. You must decide whether sufficient information to answer the question is given by either (1) or (2) individually or, if not, by both combined. These questions measure your ability to analyze a problem and to recognize which information provides sufficient information to solve that problem.
A If statement (1) alone is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient to
answer the question asked:
B If statement (2) alone is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient to
answer the question asked:
C If both statement (1) and (2) TOGETHER are sufficient to answer the question
asked but neither statement alone is sufficient.
D If EACH statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question asked
E If both statement (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the
question asked, and additional data specific to the problem are needed.
A Typical Data Sufficiency Question Follows:
How many employees in company Y earn over $300 per week?
(1) The average weekly salary of the employees in Company Y is $300.
(2) The total amount paid in weekly salaries to the employees in company Y is $60,000.
A (1) does not answer the question
B (2) does not answer the question
C (1) & (2) combined does not answer the question
D (1) and (2) does not answer the question
E Need more information
Correct answer: E
The Verbal Section has three types of multiple-choice questions (75 min):
There are 41 questions and they are designed to test basic mathematical skills and the ability to reason quantitatively.
Reading comprehension tests your ability to understand words, statements, and draw inferences concerning overall meaning of a passage. Critical Reasoning questions are designed to test your ability to construct or evaluate an argument, and to formulate and evaluate plans of action. Argument construction questions test your ability to recognize the argument, whereas argument evaluation test your ability to analyze the argument and recognize factors that would strengthen or weaken the given argument. The formulation and evaluation of plans of action test your ability to develop plans of action and recognize factors that would strengthen or weaken these plans.
Critical Reasoning Sample
After reading a paragraph, typical questions include:
1. The author is arguing that:
2. Which of the following most strengthens the author’s argument
3. Which of the following is most damaging to the conclusion above
Sentence correction test your ability to recognize grammatical errors and to improve incorrect or ineffective expressions using proper diction. The question presents a sentence which is partly or totally underlined. Beneath there will be five ways of phrasing the underlined part. The first is the original and the other four are different. Select the best choice. To Illustrate:
Crab of the
numbers, primarily on account of living at great depths.
(A) on account of living
(B) on account of their living
(C) because it lives
(D) because of living
(E) being they live
Analytical Writing Section:
The Analytical Writing Section consists of 2 essays, “Analysis of an Issue” and “Analysis of an Argument”. This section is 60 minutes ( 30 minutes per essay). The “Analysis of an Issue” requires that you analyze a given issue and provide your point of view on the issue by citing reasons or examples from your experience. The “Analysis of an Argument” requires that you analyze the reasoning behind a given argument and then write a critique of that argument. You may provide alternative explanations or examples that strengthened or weaken the argument. These essays test your ability to:
Organize and express ideas clearly
Handle the English Language
Example: “Analysis of an Issue”
“In this age of automation, many people complain that humans are becoming subservient to machines. But in fact, machines are continually improving our lives.”
Discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the opinion expressed above. Support your point of view with reasons and/or examples from your own experience, observations, or readings.
Example: “Analysis of an Argument”
The following appeared in a local newspaper:
“Most companies would agree that as the risk of physical injury occurring on the job increase, the wage paid to employees should also increase. Hence, it makes financial sense for employers to make the workplace safer: they could thus reduce their payroll expenses and save money.”
Discuss how well reasoned….etc
GMAT Scoring Information
The GMAT is a computer-adaptive test (CAT) which means that your performance on previous questions determines the sequence of questions that appear next. Your scaled score is determined by a mathematical procedure that takes into account the difficulty of the questions that were presented to you. After you have completed the test or when time is up, the computer will calculate your scaled score. Your scores on the verbal and quantitative sections are combined to produce an overall GMAT score. This score ranges from 200 to 800 with scores below 250 or above 750 being rare. Business schools are interested in this composite score.
Verbal and Quantitative Sections are scored separately. Each Section has a range of scores from 0 to 60. Scores below 10 and above 50 are rare.
The Analytical Writing essays scores are not given at the end of the test and are not part of your composite score. Instead, they are rated by reading professionals and graded on a scale of 0 to 6. The schools that you specify to receive GMAT scores can choose to receive copies of these essays.
The GMAT is used by many graduate schools as one of the assessment indicators and its importance in admission varies by school. Other assessment indicators include undergraduate GPA, motivation, creativity, work experience, letters of recommendation, and interviews. Make every effort to determine the combination of assessment attributes pertinent to your school choices.
After completing the GMAT test, you can use an on-line system to access score reports and send reports to schools electronically. If you do not have on-line access, GMAC will send you a paper version.